Property 1=1
Target 1

Plan and Manage all Areas To Reduce Biodiversity Loss

Ensure that all areas are under participatory integrated biodiversity inclusive spatial planning and/or effective management processes addressing land and sea use change, to bring the loss of areas of high biodiversity importance, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, close to zero by 2030, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.

Property 1=1

Ensure that all areas are under participatory integrated biodiversity inclusive spatial planning and/or effective management processes addressing land and sea use change, to bring the loss of areas of high biodiversity importance, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, close to zero by 2030, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.

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Rationale

GSAP

Spatial planning and legislative approaches at landscape, freshwater-scape and seascape scales are needed to maintain the integrity, functionality and connectivity of natural ecosystems and thus conserve the species that compose them. Such actions are particularly urgent in critical ecosystems under the highest pressure, such as coral reefs, tropical forests, peatlands, grasslands and savannas, freshwater, and coastal wetlands, and to ensure any further loss or degradation of remaining areas of high ecological integrity with their full species compositions.

GSAP SKILLS

Integrated spatial planning is a complex task involving the identification of priority ecosystems and setting representative targets, compilation of priority species lists, and a review of protected and conserved area networks. The process requires multi-sectoral coordination, and mainstreaming species conservation into government policy agendas including agriculture, mining, and infrastructure developments, including (i) the application of the mitigation hierarchy, with a primary focus on avoidance and (ii) Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental and Social Impact Assessments, both conducted according to international standards.

Compiling and integrating accurate spatial data are fundamental to this process, highlighting that Targets 1-4 are closely interlinked. In addition to ecosystem data, core datasets required include those on restoration (Target 2), site identification and protection (Target 3), and species recovery (Target 4).

GIS mapping skills and capacity are needed to produce the mapping. Detailed advice on undertaking systematic planning, including situations with low resources and capacity, is provided in SANBI’s Mapping Biodiversity Priorities.

Actions

1.1. Integrate species data into spatial planning at landscape, freshwater-scape, and seascape scales.

1.2. Ensure connectivity and movement between species’ populations.