Property 1=3
Target 3

Conserve 30% of Land, Waters and Seas

Ensure and enable that by 2030 at least 30 per cent of terrestrial, inland water, and of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, are effectively conserved and managed through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably governed systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, recognizing indigenous and traditional territories, where applicable, and integrated into wider landscapes, seascapes and the ocean, while ensuring that any sustainable use, where appropriate in such areas, is fully consistent with conservation outcomes, recognizing and respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, including over their traditional territories.

Property 1=3

Ensure and enable that by 2030 at least 30 per cent of terrestrial, inland water, and of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, are effectively conserved and managed through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably governed systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, recognizing indigenous and traditional territories, where applicable, and integrated into wider landscapes, seascapes and the ocean, while ensuring that any sustainable use, where appropriate in such areas, is fully consistent with conservation outcomes, recognizing and respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, including over their traditional territories.

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Rationale

GSAP

Networks of well-governed and effectively managed protected and conserved areas, and OECMs are crucial in safeguarding species and their habitats. Focusing expansion of protected and conserved areas on Key Biodiversity Areas and other areas important for species will greatly increase their impact and benefits for species.

GSAP SKILLS

IUCN defines a protected area as ‘A clearly defined geographical space, recognised, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values’.

In addition to formally gazetted protected areas, several other types of site have a vital role in species conservation:

  • Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECMs)
  • Indigenous Peoples and Local Community Conserved Areas (ICCAs)
  • Key Biodiversity Areas
  • Other taxon-based sites such as Alliance for Zero Extinction sites, Important Plant Areas, Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs), Important Marine Mammal Areas, Important Shark and Ray Areas and others
  • Internationally-designated sites (Man & Biosphere Reserves, Ramsar sites, World Heritage sites)
  • Privately conserved wild areas

The principles of effective and sustainable management apply to all sites.      

Actions

3.1. Identify all sites important for species conservation.

3.2. Ensure that protected and conserved area networks are representative of all natural ecosystems and well connected.

3.3. Maximise the value of internationally recognised sites (Biosphere Reserves, Ramsar Sites, World Heritage Sites) for species conservation.

3.4. Manage effectively and equitably all protected and conserved areas and other sites important for species.