Property 1=4
Target 4

Halt Species Extinction, Protect Genetic Diversity, and Manage Human-Wildlife Conflicts

Ensure urgent management actions to halt human induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, to significantly reduce extinction risk, as well as to maintain and restore the genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species to maintain their adaptive potential, including through in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable management practices, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflict for coexistence.

Property 1=4

Ensure urgent management actions to halt human induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, to significantly reduce extinction risk, as well as to maintain and restore the genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species to maintain their adaptive potential, including through in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable management practices, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflict for coexistence.

a-g-YuQgNYku1M8-unsplash

Rationale

GSAP

Targeted actions are essential to prevent extinctions, reverse declines and enable recovery of many species, in addition to reversing the threats and drivers of decline. Without such actions, extinction risk for over one third of threatened species would not be reduced sufficiently, even if all the other GBF targets were fully implemented. Species-specific actions include habitat management, reintroduction and reinforcement, translocations to expand range, captive breeding or propagation, supplementary feeding, provision of breeding sites, and others. Conserving the genetic diversity of wild species is also important for their long-term persistence. Conflicts between humans and wildlife are increasing, and threaten not only species, but also sustainable development, food security, and human life and well-being, with impacts felt most often by the most vulnerable and marginalised in society. Integrated responses are needed at large scales to minimize and manage human-wildlife conflict, promoting coexistence between wildlife and people.

GSAP SKILLS

The GSAP identifies 7 headline actions in support of Target 4: Assessing and monitoring the status of species, recovery planning, preventing extinction and promoting recovery, ex situ conservation, maintaining genetic diversity, reducing and managing human-wildlife conflict, and learning from conservation success.

An essential task at national level is to identify, and assess the status of, priority species (endemic and near-endemic, threatened, those of socio-economic importance). Countries may consider establishing a IUCN SSC National Species Specialist Group or a National Species Committee / Working Group composed of experts representing all the major taxonomic groups. A few countries have gone one stage further and developed a National Species Strategy to guide species conservation at national level.

Actions

4.1. Assess the conservation status of all species and identify those needing targeted recovery actions.

Assessment and monitoring

The primary tools for assessing the status of species are the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Green Status of Species, and the Living Planet Index. Species monitoring is supported by a set of technical tools.

4.2. Develop and implement a recovery plan (single species, multi-species, site-based, or threat-based) for all species that require one.

4.3. Enact measures to prevent extinctions and recover threatened species.

4.4. Maintain or establish coordinated ex-situ breeding or propagation programmes for all species that require them.

4.5. Minimise loss of genetic diversity across all threatened species and retain at least 95% gene diversity in species where it is already depleted.

4.6. Reduce and manage human-wildlife conflict and its drivers through a holistic, cross-sectoral approach.

4.7. Determine factors governing species conservation success.